FOSS Diversity of Life (DOL)
DOL Investigation #4hit counter
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Homework

DOL4 Frayers



Essential Questions >
  • What are the basic units of life and how are those units organized to form complex organisms?
    • What makes up a human and other complex organisms?
    • What are the two major subdivisions of cells?
    • What are the defining structures of cells?
    • How are complex organisms organized from atoms to an organism?
    • Why is the cell considered the basic unit of life?
    • Why is life aquatic?
    • What are the different types of cells and what parts do they contain?
You will KNOW that….

1.) Cells have a pattern and vocabulary associated with them such as:
-prokaryotic, eukaryotic, plant cell, animal cell, nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, chloroplasts, ribosomes, vacuoles
2.) Cells group together to form organized patterns that underlie larger organisms. Associated terms are: Atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms.
It’s important to understand that…

1.) Cells are the basic unit of all life. (Cell Theory)
2.) Cells have defining patterns or structures, such as membranes, cell walls, nuclei, chloroplasts, ribosomes, mitochondria, and cytoplasm
3.) Cells exhibit diversity based on their structure and function.
4.) A major subdivision in cells is whether they have a nucleus (eukaryotic) or not (prokaryotic).
5.) Bacteria are made of prokaryotic cells, all other life is made of eukaryotic cells.
6.) Humans and other complex life forms are made of cells.
7.) Multi-celled organisms have an inherent structural organization from atoms>molecules>organelles>cells>tissues>organs>organ systems>multi-celled organisms.
8.) All life is aquatic at the cellular level.
You will be able to….

1.) Prepare a wet mount slide of a human cheek cell to observe that humans are made of cells.
2.) Obtain information about cellular and organism organization to develop an understanding of how complex organisms are organized via the Internet and textbooks.



LESSON #1

EQ: What makes up a human and other complex organisms? (Lab book page 27 "CHEEK INVESTIGATION)

  • You will use human cheek cells to verify the existence of cells as the smallest unit of life.
  • SAFETY! --> If you make the slide of your cheek cells, you are the only one allowed to handle that slide. When done with the slide, you will drop the slide and cover slip in disinfection solution.
  • Label the 3 basic cell parts: NUCLEUS, CYTOPLASM, CELL MEMBRANE
  • More information on the 3 basic cell parts. LINK
  • Cheek Cell Picture


Cheek Cells.jpg
Human cheek cells. Can you identify 3 different cell components?



















LESSON #2


EQ: What are the two major subdivisions of cells? What are the defining structures of cells? (Lab book page 28 "RIBBON OF LIFE")* You will utilize the program FOSS: The Ribbon of Life (User Name=Palmyra PW= Our mascot) to answer prompts in the lab book.
  • Carefully study the Ribbon of Life Website
  • Answer questions on page 28 of lab book.

2000px-Celltypes.svg.png
Eukaryotic vs Prokaryotic Cells





Cell_parts.png
Basic cell parts





LESSON #3

EQ: How are complex organisms organized from atoms to an organism? Why is the cell considered the basic unit of life? Why is life aquatic? (Lab book page 28 & 29 "RIBBON OF LIFE")


1.) Study the diagram at this LINK

2.) Watch this video: Cells to Systems before you start.

3.) Utilize the program FOSS: The Ribbon of Life to answer prompts in the lab book. Call me over to inspect pages 28 & 29.





LESSON #4

What are the parts of the cell theory and Why is the cell considered the basic unit of life?

You will utilize a review sheet and the link below to be able to identify and explain the 3 parts of the cell theory. Old, big green table text page 51 will help you.



LESSON #5

What are the different types of cells and what parts do they contain?

You will utilize the felt cell models, the Ribbon of Life, and a review sheet to understand the different types of the cells and the specialized parts they contain.
Utilize the "Cells" and "Organelles" pages on the FOSS: The Ribbon of Life ( to answer prompts on the review sheet.)
Other cell sites to help you...




LESSON #6

What is the difference between a prokaryotic cell and a eukaryotic cell?

You will utilize the Amoeba Sisters video and the FOSS: The Ribbon of Life (User Name=Palmyra PW= Our mascot) to answer the questions on the Amoeba sisters review sheet.
Videos & Images



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Drill, Practice, & Enrichment
When using FOSSweb, our user name is Palmyra and PW is our mascot.



Key Vocab Word Puzzle
Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes
* THE CELL: THE HIDDEN KINGDOM


Vocabulary
  • prokaryotic
  • eukaryotic
  • plant cell
  • animal cell
  • nucleus
  • cytoplasm
  • cell membrane
  • cell wall
  • mitochondria
  • chloroplasts
  • ribosomes
  • vacuoles
  • Atoms
  • molecules
  • organelles
  • cells
  • tissues
  • organs
  • organ systems
  • organisms